Health Check-Ups

Importance of Health Check-Ups in 2021

It is a well-known fact now that the world is going through a pandemic for more than a year now and during this duration we learned why health is really the real wealth. Covid 19, a deadly disease has spread throughout the world and continues to take a gigantic number of lives. It is said to be untreatable but now we have multiple vaccines that helps you fight the deadly virus but still, there is no permanent cure for this deadly disease. It is advised to take preventive measures and maintain a healthy lifestyle to stay away from this disease.

People often forget to take care of their health due to busy lifestyle but this can lead to bigger problems later in life. This can lead to people developing chronic heart diseases, cancer, mental health issues, diabetes, and other hormonal imbalances. Hence, regular health check-ups become essential for one and all irrespective of age, gender, or occupation and now when the world is fighting with covid 19 it is really important to keep track of the health to stay away from the deadly disease.

Health check-ups are not only focused on detecting health issues it helps you in making the healthy changes in your life for a long term healthy life. Health check-ups keeps a track on a person’s overall health and have many advantages to it like

Helps in early detection of any disease

A person taking regular health check-ups is more likely to detect any diseases at early stages than the person who is occasionally taking preventive health check-ups. Early diagnosis is one among the foremost important aspects of preventive care. If one gets an early diagnosis, one can handle their ailment better and be prepared for what’s coming. Detection of probably life-threatening health conditions or diseases at an early stage reduces the danger of undergoing surgeries and other chronic medical conditions.

Increases chances of cure/ treatment

An early detection of a deadly disease has increased the chances of getting the right cure at the right time. Early detection reduces the complications in treatment and makes treatment more effective. You have more chances of recovery, more chances of beating the condition if the disease is detected at a very early stage. Therefore, it is, important to ensure you are screened and tested on time and at a continuous and periodic frequency to prevent any issues.

Reduced Costs

A disease detected at an early stage gets cured at an early stage. The treatments start as early as the disease is detected which saves the cost of complicated and expensive surgeries and most importantly it saves you from going through the trauma of going through the whole process of treatment, medication and post treatment complications. With timely health check-ups, you can prevent costly medical treatments and chronic diseases.

Risk Reduction

People who get regular health check-ups are more updated about their health and lead a healthier life because they are aware of their medical conditions which reduce the risk of them getting the disease.

Helps in preventing Health Issues

A regular health check-up can help prevent many health issues like if you go through a routine check-up of sugar and cholesterol, you will get to know about how likely you are to get diabetes or cholesterol in the future, because, if your diabetes or cholesterol are at the borderline, the doctors will advise you to control your sugar intake and monitor your cholesterol level which can help you prevent these health issues beforehand and you can have control over your health.

Increases life span

by getting regular check-up of your body and health, you can always keep an eye on how healthy you are. By taking the preventive advice from the doctor and following the doctor’s advice with that following a healthy lifestyle can increase your lifespan, because the healthier you are the longer you will live.

Importance of health checkup

A good routine check-up consists the following things-

• Discussion of medical history
• General physical examination
• Blood Test (Blood sugar and Cholesterol)
• Urine test
• Blood pressure reading
• Heart rate measurement

Without any doubt, good health is really important and a necessity in a person’s life. Let’s see some point why health is important

  • Helps You Live Longer
  • Control Your Stress
  • Protect your Sight
  • Lower Medical Costs
  • Increase your Fertility
  • Consider your Self-Esteem
  • Feel Better About Yourself
  • Enjoy life well

So it is very important to keep an eye on health to lower the risks of various conditions or diseases by maintaining a healthy diet, weight, and level of physical activity. However, additionally to taking care of our health, one also must choose regular preventive health check-ups to know how healthy they are and also for peace of mind. Also, any dangerous diseases do not show clear signs and symptoms until they become severe. A timely diagnosis can’t only keep a check-up but also help address any potential complications on time.  

To sum it up, preventive healthcare is better than curative healthcare.

hip surgery in India

HIP SURGERY AND TREATMENT IN INDIA

Hip-replacement surgery is commonly performed in patients with chronic pain, immobility, and deformity. These symptoms are caused primarily by joint osteo-arthritic changes, and affect all daily living activities. The procedure is normally performed under general anaesthetic (being ‘put to sleep’) or spinal anesthetic (epidural). It is achieved by removing the old hip joint entirely and replacing it with prosthetic parts. Osteoarthritis is a condition that affects the body’s joints, and is characterized by damage to the joint surface. When osteoarthritis occurs in a joint, the articular cartilage located at the ends of the bones slowly roughs and becomes thin. The underlying bone thickens and is rugged.

The bone develops outward at the bottom of the joint, producing osteophytes or bony spurs. The new bony tissue may be an effort by the body to reverse the cartilage damage. Friction towards the osteophytes produces articular cartilage fragments that are expelled through the joint. Then, these particles are brought into the synovium and trigger an inflammatory response.

In extreme osteoarthritis the cartilage can become so thin that the thickened bone ends are no longer covered. The bone ends touching, rubbing against each other and start wearing away. The loss of cartilage, bone wearing and the bony overgrowth at the edges can alter the joint shape, forcing the bones out of normal alignment, causing deformity and pain.

Post-operational care is described as the care provided after surgery between 24 hours and 30 days. Post-operational care is essential to ensure that the patient recovers fully from the surgery and is able to return to normal capacity without complications as soon as possible. Kontoyannis suggests that the post operative period is very important for monitoring the patient to prevent immediate and long term complications.

The first post operative assessment should take place immediately when the patient comes back from operating theatre. As soon as the patient returns to the ward, the nurse makes a very quick assessment of the patient’s condition. Criteria for assessment include respiratory, circulatory, neurological, dressing, patient comfort and safety.

During the first post operative assessment, after the nurse has received a hand over from the theatre nurse, the patient will arrive back at the ward with an intravenous infusion. They might also have a PCA (patient controlled analgesia) and drain. The nurse will monitor the patient’s vital signs, drain site and assess for pain.

Monitoring allows the gathering of information so that trends may be determined. This means that any worsening or progression in the patient’s condition can be recognised. Monitoring is essential to determine if the patient is responding to the treatment. The normal monitoring regime for any post operative patient includes: temperature, pulse rate, blood pressure, respiratory rate and oxygen saturation levels. These observations should be recorded and documented at 30 minute intervals, progressing to 4 hourly for the duration of the patients stay in hospital, unless the patient’s condition dictates otherwise.

Respiratory assessment is paramount to the post operative care of a patient. The nurse must observe the rate of and depth of the respirations. Pain increases the rate and depth; therefore if the patient is short of breath, a pain assessment should be carried out.

Other monitoring requirements that post operative hip replacement patients receive would be pain assessment and observations on the operated leg, for example, colour, movement and sensation. This is to check for circulatory and nerve damage. This neurovascular assessment should be carried out and documented at 30 minute intervals, progressing to 4 hourly for at least 24 hours after surgery.

The nurse should quickly assess the site of the operation, without causing pain, and observe the dressing. The nurse is responsible for monitoring the wound site at regular intervals during the immediate postoperative period. If fluid is supposed to pool in the hip region, then a drain is inserted to allow the fluid to escape.

Pain assessment should be carried out whenever the vital signs are being monitored. It is essential that the nurse assesses the site, nature and severity of the patient’s pain in order to choose the most suitable treatment.

To assess pain, there are several tools that can be used. The most common being a numerical rating scale. The patient can score their pain on a scale of 1 to 10, 10 being the worse pain they can imagine. When assessing pain, it is important to listen to what the patient is saying. A study by Seers (1987) showed that nurses persistently record the patients pain score to be significantly lower than the patient’s own assessment.

In India, hip replacement is an procedure conducted by a very professional orthopedic surgeon. The orthopedic surgeon removes the painful hip joint of the patient in this surgery, and replaces it with a new one. The cost of hip replacement surgery is very manageable in India when you equate the cost with some of the world’s western countries. The surgery is typically performed by the top orthopedic surgeons in India for hip replacement when there is no alternative medicine that can be consumed by the patient for relief from the pain of a faulty or diseased hip joint.

The disease called arthritis is among the most common causes where a hip replacement becomes necessary in India. There are over one hundred different forms of arthritis that physicians and researchers have described up until now. It is recommended that you visit one of the best hospitals for hip replacement surgery in India to get yourself diagnosed if you feel that you have some form of pain or the other which has been prolonged for a long time.

You will find the most skilled pathologists, laboratory technicians, and doctors in these hospitals who will be able to identify exactly what type of disease you have and will be able to guide how to get rid of it. If the India’s top orthopedic surgeons find you have some form of degenerative arthritis, also known as osteoarthritis, then they may recommend you to undergo the hip replacement surgery in India.

About one in five adults suffers from one type of arthritis or the other. This number only increases slowly as you age. The patient with a very sore hip generally can not walk easily because of the discomfort. Because of this, the patient’s walking posture will change, leading to more pain.

Normally this can be managed with pain killers, but when the condition is too serious, it is clear that the cost of hip replacement surgery in India would be much more manageable than following a lifetime course of costly drugs that not only have a lot of side effects but are often exhausting due to very frequent doctor follow-ups. Only pain killers just function for a brief amount of time.