Bone Cancer Treatment and Cost in India

Bone Cancer Treatment and Cost in India

Bone cancer affects more thousands of people around the world. In the United States alone, it is diagnosed in more than 3,000 patients each year and approximately half of them die due to it.

Typically, bone cancer affects children and adolescents. Although rarely, it affects some percentage of older adults too, mostly because of spread to cancer from some other location to the bones. A majority of primary bone cancers initiate in the bones of the arms or the legs however, it can affect any bone of the human body.

Bone cancer is, therefore, a rare type of cancer that can affects both children and adults, but a majority of cases are reported in children alone. Since bones form an important part of the human skeletal framework, it is important to diagnose and treat bone cancer in early stages for improved chances of survival.

Types of Bone Cancer

There are different types of bone cancer. The most common types of bone cancer are described below:

Osteosarcoma: It is a malignant form of bone cancer that originates in the bone itself (primary cancer). Typically, it affects patients aged between 10 and 25 years and initiate in the long bones of the legs and the arms. It can also start in he rapidly growing areas of the body such as shoulders and around the knees.

Chordoma: It is a rare type of bone cancer that typically affects males aged above 30 years. It is less common in females and primarily affects the spinal column.

Chondrosarcoma: It is the second most common form of malignant bone cancer. This form of cancer affects patients aged above 40 and can manifest itself in the cartilage of the pelvis and the hips. It can either grow slow or can be very aggressive.

Fibrosarcoma: This form of cancer primarily affects patients aged between 35 and 55. It affects makes more than females, and initiates in soft tissues, especially those behind the knee.

Ewing’s sarcoma: This type of bone tumor primarily affects children aged between 4 and 15 and initiate in the middle of the long bones of that of legs and the arms.

Bone Cancer Symptoms

The bone cancer symptoms may vary from person to person, depending on the age of the patient and the type of bone cancer that he or she is suffering from. All bone cancer symptoms tend to change with the severity of the condition and pain is one symptom that tend to persist through all stages of bone cancer.

The pain can be felt by the bone cancer patient during any time of the day or it could be felt at night only. Some patients are also able to experience a lump or a swelling in the tissues surrounding the site of the tumor or in the bone itself.

Some of the rare bone cancer symptoms that appear when the cancer has spread to other parts of the body  include:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Weight loss
  • Night sweats

Some of the bone cancer symptoms may overlap with what seems to be the symptom for some other underlying condition. Therefore, it is necessary to contact a doctor immediately as soon as any discomfort or pain is experienced by the patient.

Bone Cancer Diagnosis

Bone cancer diagnosis typically involve the following steps:

  • Physical exam: When you present yourself with a certain set of bone cancer symptoms, the doctor may first ask you about the family history of the disease, followed by a complete physical examination.
  • Blood test: When the doctor suspects bone cancer, a blood test to measure the levels of an enzyme called alkaline phosphatase may be advised. This enzyme is present in excess when the bone tissue is very active, which appears to be the true in case of bone cancer. Other than bone cancer, the levels are high in case of mending bone fracture and abnormal bone tissue.
  • X-ray: In case of high alkaline phosphatase enzyme, an X-ray is conducted to confirm the shape, size and the location of the tumor. It may be followed up with an angiogram, a CT scan or a MRI.
  • Biopsy: A needle or an incisional biopsy is conducted at the end to confirm the bone cancer diagnosis. It is done by recovering a small sample from the suspected site of bone cancer and by looking for cancer cells in the sample placed under the microscope.

Bone Cancer Treatment in India

Bone cancer treatment in India includes the use of state-of-the-art technology and medical expertise for advanced diagnosis and timely treatment. Each year, hundreds of bone cancer patients travel to India to seek personalized care under the guidance of specially trained and highly experienced medical and nursing staff.

The primary form of bone cancer treatment in India is surgery, which can be used to stage the cancer of treat is completely by removing the tissues and the part of the bone affected by cancer.

The following are some of the types of surgeries conducted as a part of bone cancer treatment in India:

  • Amputation: This type of surgery involves complete removal of the limb. An artificial part or prosthesis may be attached during the procedure to compensate for the lost part.
  • Limb-sparing surgery: In this type of surgery, only cancer and some part of the surrounding tissues are removed. The patient is, thus, able to retain all parts of the body intact in this surgery.
  • Staging: This type of surgery may be conducted before the actual treatment to determine the age of bone cancer.

In addition to the aforementioned surgeries, lymph nodes may be removed surgically in case the bone cancer has spread there. Additional surgeries may be carried out to ease bone cancer symptoms.

Best Hospitals for Bone Cancer Treatment in India

Some of the top hospitals for bone cancer treatment in India include:

  • BLK Super Specialty Hospital, New Delhi
  • Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi
  • Aster Medcity, Kochi
  • Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon
  • Global Health City, Chennai
  • Global Hospital, Lakdi Ka Pul, Hyderabad
  • Kokilaben Dhirubai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai
  • Medanta The Medicity, Gurgaon
  • Dharamshila Cancer Hospital, New Delhi

Bone Cancer Treatment Cost in India

The cost of bone cancer treatment in India is quite less as compared to other countries around the world, including Singapore, Malaysia, US, UK and the Middle East.

Bone cancer treatment cost in India falls between US $7000 and $9000, which included one week of hospitals stay, the cost of surgery, initial treatment, doctor’s fees, surgeon’s fees, bad charges and hospital charges. The same facilities for a week cost around $18000 to $22000 in the US.

hip replacement surgery in india

How to choose a hip replacement surgeon?

Why Hip Replacement?

Chronic hip pain and arthritis of the hip can drastically reduce your quality of life by preventing you from moving freely. A hip replacement surgery is often recommended:

  • When you are not able to move at all because of the pain.
  • When other alternative treatment methods fail to work.
  • In the case of a severe hip injury resulting due to an unfortunate accident.

How to choose a hip replacement surgeon?

It is important to choose an experienced and a qualified hip replacement surgeon to ensure that you are in the safe hands. Hip replacement is a common, yet complicated procedure. It requires a thorough knowledge of the hip joint, the implants available, and the best approach to treat the injury or condition. So, it is important to look for the credibility, experience, and skills of the hip replacement surgeon while choosing one.

How trained are the surgeons associated with MedGinnie?

MedGinnie has partnered with some of the best hip replacement surgeons in the India. All the hip replacement surgeons empanelled with MedGinnie are highly experienced and skilled. A lot of them are internationally trained. They have sound knowledge of the types of hip implants available today. They are well-trained in conducting all types of hip joint procedures. These include unilateral and bilateral hip replacement and hip resurfacing surgery.

FAQs on Hip Replacement

Q: Can a hip replacement fail?

A: Hip implants may rarely fail primarily because of loosening, an infection, or natural wear and tear. In such cases, a revision surgery is required.

Q: What are the alternatives to hip replacement?

A: Hip replacement surgery is often the last treatment option preferred and suggested by the doctor and is recommended when all other alternative treatments fail.

Q: Is blood transfusion required after the surgery?

A: Blood transfusion is rarely required after hip replacement surgery in the case of excessive bleeding.

Q: Does it result in a scar?

A: Hip replacement surgery conducted using open surgical approach results in a scar that is 6 to 8 inches long. It is along the side of the hip.

Q: Is it possible to kneel after hip replacement surgery?

A: You can kneel after 6 weeks of the surgery.

ivf treatment cost in India

What is IVF, treatment and cost – FAQs

Is IVF a painful procedure?

The only pain associated with IVF is from the injections that are administered to stimulate egg production.  General anesthesia will be used during the egg retrieval process, and the implantation does not even require a local anesthetic.

How long should I expect it to take to get pregnant with IVF?

How long it takes to become pregnant through IVF varies from patient to patient.  If the first cycle of treatment is successful, you will be pregnant about a month after the start of the cycle.  Sometimes multiple cycles are needed before pregnancy is achieved.

How much does it cost to do IVF? What is the cost of test tube baby in India?

In western countries, IVF treatments are quite high.  In the US they run about $15,000 US and in Europe about $12,000 US plus the costs of medicine and other incidentals.  The same procedure, of equal or higher quality, in India is about $5,000 US and is typically all-inclusive.

What is the success rate of IVF in India?

Because every patient and their chance of success is different, it is impossible to determine the exact success rate of IVF procedures.  The estimated success rate of IVF treatments is over 40% for women under 35.

How to get cheap IVF treatment in India?

Finding affordable IVF treatment in India is easy.  The costs of treatment are significantly lower than the same treatment in the US or Europe.  The doctors are expertly trained and the facilities well equipped with cutting-edge technology.

What is the best IVF clinic center in India?

The clinics in India are equipped with well maintained state-of-the-art equipment and staffed with doctors and nurses that are at the forefront in their field.  It is easy to find quality IVF clinics in India, and the one that is best for you is a matter of personal opinion.  Some of the IVF clinics that are most noted are;

  • Bloom IVF Clinic – Located at the Lilavati Hospital in Bandra, Bloom IVF clinic has been on the list of top 10 IVF clinics in India for many years.
  • Infertility India – This Mumbai based IVF clinic is famous for its high rate of success. It has fully equipped clinics in New Delhi, Nerul, Chandigarh and Navi Mumbai.
  • BLK Hospital – This Delhi based hospital is reputed to be one of the best IVF centres in Delhi. Its equipment and staff are world class and on the cutting edge of IVF technology.

How to get successful IVF treatment in India?

Many factors contribute to determining the success of IVF Treatment.  When choosing your hospital or clinic and specialists, it is essential to do your research.  Make sure that the facilities and specialists you choose are experienced in dealing with your specific requirements.  Ask them if they have experience dealing with your age range and your specific infertility concerns.

Who are the best IVF doctors in India?

The IVF doctors in India are rated as some of the best in the world so finding a quality doctor to perform your IVF treatment in India is Easy.  There are too many fine doctors to list here, but some of the specialists of note include:

  • Dr. Sonia Mali in Delhi
  • Dr. Firuza Parikh in Mumbai
  • Dr. Chitra Ramamurthy in Bangalore
  • Dr. Geetha Haripriya in Chennai
  • Dr. Padmaja Divakar in Hyderabad

How long does it take for IVF start to finish?

The entire in vitro fertilization process takes about the same amount of time as a standard menstrual cycle, about 28 days, from the first day of the treatment cycle to the blood test.

How long is the process of in vitro fertilization?

The entire in vitro fertilization process takes about the same amount of time as a standard menstrual cycle, about 28 days, from the first day of the treatment cycle to the blood test.

How long does it take for egg retrieval?

Egg retrieval is an outpatient procedure that will take approximately a thirty minutes.

How is IVF done step by step?

There are multiple steps involved in the entire IVF cycle which is the treatment that starts on the first day of your period.

Step 1: The first day of your treatment cycle will coincide with the first day of your menstrual cycle or period.  Your fertility doctor or nurse will help you identify the first day.

Step 2: Stimulation Phase – This phase starts on the first day of your period and treatment cycle. Usually, ovaries produce one egg per monthly cycle.  For eight to fourteen days you will take medication to stimulate your ovaries to produce extra eggs.  The medication is usually taken in the form of an injection and can vary from one to two doses per cycle to one to two doses per day depending on your body’s needs.  Your fertility doctor or nurse will teach you and your partner how to administer the injections.

Your ovaries and follicle development will be monitored with ultrasounds and blood tests to determine when the trigger injection should be administered.  The trigger injection prepares the eggs for ovulation (the release of the eggs from the ovaries).  Your fertility doctor or nurse will let you know precisely when to administer the trigger injection.

Step 3:  Egg Retrieval – Your egg retrieval day will be scheduled before the trigger injection is administered.  The retrieval of the eggs from your ovaries is an outpatient procedure that is performed under general anesthesia.  The procedure takes approximately a half hour.  Ultrasounds will be used to guide the needle into the ovaries follicles and remove the fluid containing the eggs.  Between eight and fifteen eggs are typically collected.  Following a short rest in the recovery room, usually about 30 minutes, you will be able to return home.  It is recommended that you have a friend or family member on hand to drive you home.

Step 4: Sperm – If you are using fresh sperm for the fertilization the male will give a sperm sample the same morning as the egg retrieval.  If you have chosen to use frozen sperm your specialist will already have moved it to the lab.  The sperm is treated with a special wash to slow it down so it can be examined under a microscope.  Your specialist will carefully select the healthiest and most viable sperm.

Step 5:  Fertilization – Using a microscope, the eggs are identified and removed from the fluid.  The eggs are placed in a dish with the sperm and are allowed to fertilize each other as they would in the body naturally.

Step 6:  Once the egg is fertilized by the sperm it is called an embryo.  The embryo is placed in an incubator that produces the perfect environment for growth and development. The embryos are watched for five to six days and are monitored for the cleavage stage (six to eight cells on day three).  Your specialist will keep you up-to-date on the development of your embryos.

Step 7: Embryo Transfer – The embryos that developed properly are now ready to be transferred to the uterus.  The transfer takes about five minutes and no anesthesia is necessary.  A catheter will be placed into your uterus through the cervix.  An ultrasound will be used to find the best place for the embryo to implant.

Step 8:  Two weeks after your embryos are transferred your specialist will perform a blood test.  The test will determine your hCG hormone levels.  If hCG is present, congratulations, it means you are pregnant.

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